The extent of oligopoly

Length: 6 Pages 1565 Words

Oligopoly Oligopoly is a market structure dominated by a small number Of large firms, selling either identical or differentiated products, and there are significant barriers to entry into the industry. This is one of four basic market structures. The other three are perfect competition, monopoly, and monopolistic competition. Oligopoly being a general market structure category, dominates the modern economic landscape. About half of the output produced in the world’s economy can be traced to oligopolistic industries. Oligopolistic industries are as diverse as they are widespread. Oligopoly ranges from breakfast cereal to cars, from computers to aircrafts, from television broadcasting to pharmaceuticals, from petroleum to detergent. Because each firm in an oligopolistic industry is relatively large, each has a substantial degree of market control. It's not total control like in a situation of monopoly, but it's significantly greater than that of a monopolistically competitive firm. While monopolistic competition and oligopoly have distinct identifiable characteristics, they really form a continuum on the spectrum of market structures. Any boundary separating oligopoly from monopolistic competition is fuzzy at beast. An Continue...


More sample essays on The extent of oligopoly

    The Impact of Raising Taxes on
    .... 12 Cigarette industry and Oligopoly 12 Conclusion 13 References .... The extent to which consumers' demand for good .... one young person stops smoking because he or she .... (4949 20 )

    oligopoly
    oligopoly. .... Statistics graphically show the extent of diversity in the workplace .... Hoechst Celanese, experienced firsthand the value of diversity when he attended a .... (3220 13 )

    Home Depot
    .... to present many of the tendencies of an oligopoly. .... Sam's Club, and to a lesser extent other retailers .... He's confident that Lowe's fancy designer displays will .... (8029 32 )

All of the firms will be better off if they keep their output down and their prices up. Ford, for example, owns Jaguar, half of Aston Martin, 25 of Mazda, and 10 of Kia. Oligopolies that follow a price leader do not engage in price competition, but they still contest for market share with a variety of forms of non-price competition. Pepsi and Coke each spend billions on TV ads designed to entice the consumer to switch cola brands, but those expensive adds never mention price. The number of firms may be fixed, or it may be free to vary. Over the last few months, Heavy-hitters in industries ranging from autos to aerospace to agriculture have announced such marketplaces, also known as online exchanges. Very few of us could raise the 8 billion or so that it takes to start an automobile firm. Them being, the firms might get together and form a cartel, coordinating their behavior as if they were a single monopoly. More recently, Motorola joined the strategic alliance formed earlier by IBM, Siemans and Toshiba to jointly develop the next generation of memory chips. General Motors and Toyota jointly own and operate an auto plant in California. But there is a fundamental difference. The problem is with their competitors. Firms in the same line of business would enter into a formal - and enforceable - agreement to limit production and thus maintain high prices. In both perfect competition and monopolistic competition the actions of one firm have no affect on other firms. The situation differs from perfect competition because each firm is large enough to have a significant effect on the market price.

PROFESSIONAL ESSAYS:

The Sociology of Social Problems
Parrillo argues that behind this oligopoly lies a In particular, he maintains that who is identified as a discretion determine, to some extent, what punishment (3233 13 )

Price Leadership & Welfare Losses
was based on another conclusion he drew from loss resulting from monopoly activity, oligopoly) activity, the question revolves around the extent to which (1199 5 )

Five Modern Economists
To a great extent, it was concerned with the manner describedabove because he or she imperfect competition, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and oligopsony (3358 13 )

BHOPAL AND UNION CARBIDE The case study "Bhopal"
The basic chemical industry is an oligopoly in the standards in the United States, as he thinks these finds itself determines to a great extent both what (1981 8 )

Structure of the Tobacco Industry
small number of large corporations with oligopoly market power brands and, to a lesser extent, by introducing He estimated that the medical treatment of smoking (2638 11 )

IBM Market Analysis
the characterization of the industry as an oligopoly (Niemond, 1995 rights over the technology on which he sub-market industry to a much greater extent than is (1700 7 )