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nationalism

During the 100-year period of 1814 to 1914 every social group throughout Europe embraced the ideology of nationalism. Its success was largely due to the fact that it offered something for everyone regardless of social or political status. It had no specific ideas for government or economy, just simply whatever is best for the nation. Nationalism also combined well with all other ideologies of the time. However, the different classes of European society accepted nationalism for different reasons and at different times. In the years 1814 through 1848 nationalism ascended onto European society through the middle class. Shortly after the French Revolution in 1814 the Congress of Vienna was placed in charge of reconstructing Europe. In France the monarchy was restored. By 1830, Louis Philippe was king of France and had transformed their political system into a government by which only the rich could vote known as the Bourgeois Monarchy. Increasing social and economic discontent in France led the middle class to revolt in 1848. This revolution set up the Second Republic and gave all men in France the right to vote, creating a unifying thread throughout the country. In Germany, the German Confederation was created which left 39 individual, segregated German states. Due to the fact of taxes and tariffs many middle class business owners supported the idea of a single unified nation-state. However, conservatives at that time did all they could to stop the ideas of liberalism and nationalism. But, by 1830 the middle class had grown large enough to force a revolution. The middle class soon after created a National Parliament and in 1848 the Frankfurt Assembly gathered delegates from all of the German states to create boundaries for a new unified nation-state. Unfortunately, before they were able to apply their plan German kings charged in with their large armies and stopped the revolution. Although it was stopped...

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nationalism. (1969, December 31). In DirectEssays.com. Retrieved 14:21, October 21, 2014, from http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/40567.html