Late adulthood is the period of life in every individual that follows the period of his or her life after he/she turns 60 years of age. This period is marked by the process of growing old, resulting in part from the failure of body cells to function normally or to produce new body cells to replace those that are dead or malfunctioning. This in turn results in significant physical, psychological, and cognitive changes, like cardio-vascular, digestive malfunctioning, depression, impaired memory functioning, and so on. In this article, we shall have a look at the major changes in these categories.
Physical Changes In The late Adulthood:
The physical changes that occur in the bodies of the individuals, in their late adulthood can be divided into two main categories—
• External Changes
• Internal Changes
External Changes— These changes are the outward signs of aging, and are quiet obvious to notice. They consist of changes in hair, skin, posture etc.
Most people’s hair becomes distinctly gray and eventually turns white, and it may also thin out.
The skin becomes less elastic, more wrinkled, dry, and thin. The wrinkles are
formed partly because of loss of fatty tissue under the skin and partl
The Senses The senses generally become less efficient as person grows old. The following psychological changes are seen very commonly in old people:Cognitive Functioning Biologically, as the human brain ages, there are structural loses in neurons and the connections between them. The rate of blindness and loss of visual acuity also increase sharply after the age of sixty. This decrease in density of bones is due to loss of calcium, the condition called osteoporosis. At the present time, there is no cure for Alzheimer"tms disease treatment. The brain shrinks and several areas of frontal and temporal lobes sow deterioration. Also, it could be partially due to changes in posture. Depression can also lead to suicide, which is a significant problem in geriatric mental health. "This course can be related to comorbidity with a medical illness, cognitive impairment, or the decrease or depletion of social supports" (Reynolds et al. As the old people become more depressed, their perceived health decreases, their ability to function and sense of mastery, and sense of contentment diminishes. The capacities of many functions decline with age. The brain shrinks as it pulls away from the skull, and the amount of space between brain and skull doubles from age 20 to 70.