The link between drug use and crime is not a new one. For more than twenty years, both the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Institute of Justice have funded many studies to try to better understand the connection. One such study was done in Baltimore on heroin users. This study found high rates of criminality among users during periods of active drug use, and much lower rates during periods of nonuse (Ball et al. 1983, pp.119-142). A large number of people who abuse drugs come into contact with the criminal justice system when they are sent to jail or to other correctional facilities. The criminal justice system is flooded with substance abusers. The need for expanding drug abuse treatment for this group of people was recognized in the Crime Act of 1994, which for the first time provided substantial resources for federal and state jurisdictions.
In this paper, I will argue that using therapeutic communities in prisons will reduce the recidivism rates among people who have been released from prison. I am going to use the general theory of crime, which is based on self-control, to help rationalize using federal tax dollars to fund these therapeutic communities in prisons. I feel that if we teach the
The savings produced in crime-related and drug use-associated costs pay for the cost of treatment in about two to three years. In 1991, the new Center for Substance Abuse Treatment established Project RECOVERY. This came from the finding that successful outcomes were directly related to the amount of time that was spent in treatment. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. The studies done on the various programs, such as New York"tms Stay"tmn Out and Delaware"tms Key-Crest program, prove that there are cost effective ways available to treat these prisoners. Since the second half of the 1980"tms, there has been a large growth in prison and jail populations, continuing a trend that started in the 1970"tms. Consequently, more arrests were made. If it is possible, these recovering addicts should stay together and live in a separate environment than the general population.