ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN

Length: 24 Pages 6074 Words

Pakistan A Portrait of the Death of an Economy My topic deals with Pakistan, its relationship with the IMF and World Bank, and its internal problems that are causing unemployment, poverty, economic crisis and hunger. I shall be analyzing the situation using the neo-classical theory, as it is what the economists of the Pakistan government and the IMF are using to alleviate the economic instability of the country. Situated in the sub-continent, Pakistan is a low-income country, with great promise for growth. Unfortunately, it is held back from reaching middle-income status by chronic problems like a rapidly growing population, sizable government deficits, a heavy dependence on foreign aid, recurrent governmental instability and large military expenditures. It is to address these fundamental faults in Pakistan’s economy that the IMF has initiated the Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) in the country. This is discussed in further detail later in the paper. Like all developing countries, Pakistan’s population is largely employed in the agricultural sector, which accounts for about 48 percent of the labor force. In today’s world the Industrial and Service sectors are the largest growing areas of a developed county’s Continue...


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5 per cent of GDP in the early '90s to a paltry 3 per cent, which translates to a cutback of 140 billion in present prices. b) Contrary to popular belief high rates of return on government issued instruments do not necessarily increase savings rates. Despite inflation being well below double digits, interest rates are as high as 15 to 18 per cent on loans! This is too high to keep the present economy afloat, let alone raise it to a maintainable level of growth. Hence there is a need to restructure the social aspect of the public sector through decentralization, so as to bring about greater efficiency. Yet Pakistan only employs 39 percent of its population in Service, and a minute 13 percent in Industry. Pakistan is a classic example of this theory. The following are some suggestions: a) Until now taxation structure has been a dependent on import related taxes and excise duties. It is not the fault of the IMF that countries have taken loans and are now in debt. In Russia, the IMF contributed to Russia's collapse in 1998. 5 billion on critical quality-enhancing nonsalary expenditures in the provinces and federal areas. Banking sector The banking reform program has already started to stem the losses from the politically motivated lending and subsequent operating losses. , the largest oil marketing company, while shares of SNGPL, a major gas distribution company, will be offered for sale to investors. But due to a decline in remittances for a number of reasons and Pakistan's declining credit, this is no longer an option. The income tax forms for those in office and heir immediate family should be made public for their time in office so as to control corruption. Decreasing the incentives of holding a seat in senate or assembly can do this.

PROFESSIONAL ESSAYS:

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE & PAKISTAN
An unidentified official of the IMF recently said: "We are very positive about Pakistan's economy and prospects for its economic growth" (Economist, 7 February (2233 9 )

Pakistan & Ready-to-war Apparel Industry
shift represents a significant growth for the industry and increased the level of importance which the ready-made industry enjoys within the Pakistan economy. (2973 12 )

INSTITUTIONS AND ECONOMICS
In South Korea, these policies worked, and South Korea became a rapidly growing economy. In Pakistan, however, the policies did not work. (2537 10 )

Blood Feuding in Thull Community of Pakistan
Kohistani tribal community in the Hindu-Kush Mountains of Pakistan" (vii how historical changes in religious ideology and political economy transformed violence (1277 5 )

Jobs and the US Economy
Jobs and the US Economy. textile manufacturing, appliances, etc.) which have moved to low-labor-coast nations in Southeast Asia, India and Pakistan; but also (1102 4 )

Islamic Fundamentalism in Pakistan
conclusion of which, after a period in which the country's economy suffered profound carried him to victory in 1990 and relying on the Pakistan Muslim League (2302 9 )