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Comparing Piaget and Erikson

Comparing Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development to Erikson’s Stages of Social Development Child psychologist, Jean Piaget, believed that a person understands whatever information fits into his established view of the world. Piaget described four stages of cognitive development and related them to a person’s ability to understand. The Sensorimotor Stage occurs from birth to 2 years. It is during this stage that the child learns about his or herself and the environment around them by use of motor and reflex actions. The Preoperational Stage begins from about the time the child starts to talk to about age 7. With the child’s new knowledge of language, he is able to begin using symbols to represent objects and personify them as well. The Concrete Stage occurs from about first grade to early adolescence. The child has now developed an ability to make rational judgements. There is no longer the need to live in a fantasy world as much. The final stage in Piaget’s Cognitive Development is the Formal Stage. There is no longer the need for concrete objects to make rational judgements. He is now capable of hypothetical and deductive reasoning. Psychiatrist Erik Erikson believed that each person had Eight Stages of Development. He called them the “Eight Stages Of Man.” These stages were formulated, not through experimenting, but through wide ranging experience in psychotherapy. Stage 1, Learning Basic Trust Versus Basic Mistrust, is the period of infancy through the first one or two years of life. A child, well handled, nurtured, and loved, will develop trust and security. Badly handled, the child becomes insecure and mistrustful. Stage 2, Learning Autonomy ...

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Comparing Piaget and Erikson. (1969, December 31). In DirectEssays.com. Retrieved 19:48, September 19, 2014, from http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/47684.html