Comparing Piaget and Erikson

             Comparing Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development to
             Erikson’s Stages of Social Development
             Child psychologist, Jean Piaget, believed that a
             person understands whatever information fits into his
             established view of the world. Piaget described four
             stages of cognitive development and related them to
             a person’s ability to understand.
             The Sensorimotor Stage occurs from birth to 2
             years. It is during this stage that the child
             learns about his or herself and the environment
             around them by use of motor and reflex actions.
             The Preoperational Stage begins from about the
             time the child starts to talk to about age 7. With
             the child’s new knowledge of language, he is able
             to begin using symbols to represent objects and
             The Concrete Stage occurs from about first grade
             to early adolescence. The child has now developed an
             ability to make rational judgements. There is no
             longer the need to live in a fantasy world as
             The final stage in Piaget’s Cognitive Development is
             the Formal Stage. There is no longer the need for
             concrete objects to make rational judgements. He is
             now capable of hypothetical and deductive reasoning.
             Psychiatrist Erik Erikson believed that each
             person had Eight Stages of Development. He called
             them the “Eight Stages Of Man.” These stages were
             formulated, not through experimenting, but through
             wide ranging experience in psychotherapy.
             Stage 1, Learning Basic Trust Versus Basic Mistrust,
             is the period of infancy through the first one or
             two years of life. A child, well handled, nurtured,
             and loved, will develop trust and security. Badly
             handled, the child becomes insecure and mistrustful.
             Stage 2, Learning Autonomy Versus ...

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