The conflict between the Christians and the Muslims, between 1098 and 1229, was the result of political unrest; which was fueled the Muslims migrating into the Christian holy lands, lead by Pope Urban II and carried on, throughout latter centuries by his followers. What follows is a story of war, holy visions,unholy alliances, promises made with fingers crossed, sieges and slaughters, the details of which fill volumes.
Christianity, in its infancy, was a very threatened state. It was enriched with radical ideas that called for the worship of a single god in place of the many dieties that had ruled for centuries before. These radical concepts took a while to sink in and become the root of what would be the modern era. The world of the latter 9th century and early 10th century was in a state of turmoil, resulting from the recent adoption of Christianity as
the official religion of the modern world. In order to cement its hold on the masses, the political heads of the day decided to quell all internal conflicts and unite against an enemy whose destruction would help to further develop the hold that the Pope, and the church, had on the world.
The Muslims were originally a tight banded group of
followers of Muhamma
Another commandment is "Thou ShaltNot Kill"tm, therefore, by killing others in the Crusades, you arebreaking God"tms commandments. Anybody that felt religiously compelled could become a solider in the crusades. All that was required to begin their journey towards their religious callings was to make a public vow, which was not distinguishable from, and was always based on, the vow to make a pilgrimage; crusaders and pilgrims had the same legal status, being temporarily subjected to church courts and enjoying ecclesiastical protection of their persons, properties and families. This integration lead to uneaseand gave root to the cause of the Crusades. These incentives were to good to pass up by many Christians. The Venetians and Genoese established trading colonies in Egypt, and luxury goods of the East found their way to European markets. The Crusades were a pivotal point in the development of christianity. Interestingly enough, Pope Urban II died before he could see Jerusalem fall to his crusaders. Dieingin persuit of holy tasks, in an attempt to uphold the faith andto educated the ignorant was honorable. They also needed deep religious convictions to guidethem to victory, honor, and heaven. Found both in the Old and New testaments,prophets and saints and even of Christ accepting the use ofviolence as a punishment for sin and as a means of defenseagainst injury. For the West, however, the Crusaders' greatest achievement was the opening of the eastern Mediterranean to European shipping. Through the promise of everlasting salvation and the sale of indulgences the churchsecured many willing soliders. On 12 March 1088, Otto was unanimously elected as Pope, taking the title of Urban II. The Muslims slowly began to integrate into the Christian "holy lands"tm, threatening the foundation of Christianity.