In Edward Gibbons, DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE he argues that the reason for Rome's fall is because of Germanic invasions, a decline in public morality, and the rise of Christianity. With all of the above statements I would agree that Edward Gibbons is correct. They all help in the fall of the Roman empire. Where I think he did go wrong was in neglecting to state the other numerous reasons that help contribute to its fall. Three of these other factors that I think are also very important are; the lack of further expansion, the low level of technological advances, and the natural reaction of the rulers to hole up in their country estates with all their slaves at the first sign of weakening markets.
The first of these reasons does not begin at Rome's collapse but at its starting point. From the begenning Rome had always grown in both wealth and size. It was with this constant expansion that Rome's economy continued to flouris
Technological advance did not increase at a rate proportional to the increase of the people per square mile. When Rome quit going to war it lost it's ability to gain POWs, or slaves. One of these aquired resources that played a huge role in Empire is slavery. By neglecting the important technological advance, there was no increase in the effeciency of running Rome. What then started as a nick, grew to a life threatening wound. The epitome of this problem rests in the Roman economy, which was now staggering drastically. With steadily expanding borders they collected more and more markets, and in so doing, gained access to many new goods and resources. It was the combanation of these above reasons and the ones listed by Edward Gibbons, that triggered the roman empires decline and fall. This provided very little need or incentive for new discoveries. Once again the slave trade was a reason that their technology levels failed to increase. The bulk of work done in the Roman Empire was always carried out by the slaves. By doing so, they left the offices of business in the city which out of this neglect began to disappear. The same thing that happened to the slavery industry was repeated with many of the other industries of Rome at approximately the same time. In conclusion, with all of these stumbling blocks stacking up, the Roman juggernaut began to falter.