Progressive education

Length: 15 Pages 3800 Words

To meet the needs of an increasing industrialized Canadian society in the late 1930’s, the elementary curriculum was revised. This essay will explore the changes BC curriculum endured as a result of the progressive movement within the Greater Victoria area by way of the Greater Victoria Survey of Schools of 1937-38 and the Curriculum Guide: The New Programme of Studies 1936-7. The new system is commonly known as progressive education or the “new education”. Jean Barman describes new education as “… embodying a commitment to a child-centered, relatively unstructured curriculum allowing considerable freedom of choice to pupil and teacher alike, the expression of humane, egalitarian, democratic philosophy of education”. The modern curriculum was an attempt to move away from the emphasis of memorization, facts, formalism and unrelated or irrelevant material within the classroom. John Dewey, an educational philosopher, can be held accountable for the radical outlook on education in the early 1900’s. Dewey believed there was a theoretical gap between child-centered and subject centered curriculum. This gap was a failure to recognize interaction between child and curriculum. Individual difference, child reaction a Continue...

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This lack of experience created difficulties integrating new methods of teaching demanded by educators. While hands on work was difficult to incorporate into the new reading curriculum, it was the sole responsibility of the teacher to take advantage of the activity interaction method of teaching, introduced by progressivism, to ensure adequate individual differences were being fulfilled. Before browsing through the heart of the new curriculum, it is important to familiarize oneself in the parturition of progressive education before an appreciation for the impact the revisions had within the education system. htm"Some Notes on John Dewey (1859-1952). Manualtechnical training, domestic sciencehome economics agricultural education activities varied between schools but the theories and aims remain constant throughout. A 10,000-vocabulary list had been eliminated and replaced with a 4,000 list. Students were originally required to "articulate words far beyond his understanding, hence more appropriate words were chosen that were related to the child's everyday experiences. A permanent feature of the new program was the implementation of scientific testing. Material of this kind could be found in a wide variety of sources: books, text books, reference books, and supplementary readers for all subject were to be made available for students to benefit from through the Free Text Book Branch established in 1929. Significant emphasis was lifted from written work and transferred to visuals through charts, pictures, and objects.


Educational Theories: Traditional and Progressive
Horne. Dewey is considered the father of progressive education; Horne believed in traditional subject-based education. Traditional (1452 6 )

Theories of Education Learning is as natural to humans as
Although his ideas seem very dated now, a core of what he argued for remains within our ideas of progressive education today. Herbart (2884 12 )

Societal Factors Impact on Higher Education
The work of John Dewey, in what came to be known as "progressive education," and currently, the work of Howard Gardner in the field of "multiple intelligences (1492 6 )

Different Ways of Teaching Learning is as natural to humans as
Although his ideas seem very dated now, a core of what he argued for remains within our ideas of progressive education today. Herbart (2884 12 )

Problem Solving in Mathematics
The deleterious effect of progressive education on mathematics education was evidenced by a steady decline in enrollment in advanced high school mathematics (1965 8 )

John Dewey (1859-1952), as the most important "progressive education" theorist, stressed the need for life experience which by nature is whole and organic. (4204 17 )