There are many techniques that authors use to communicate their intentions for writing a work. Each of these literary techniques has their own purpose in influencing how the reader perceives what he or she reads. James Joyce is no exception in relation to the use of literary techniques that enhance his compositions. Although there are several different techniques used in his two short stories, “Araby” and “Counterparts,” his use of point of view in relation to the general meaning of each of these stories is what will be the focus of this paper.
In Joyce’s short story “Araby,” a man thinks back to his childhood and reminisces about his excursion to a bazaar in Araby. This first person account enables the reader to know exactly what he feels in this situation.
The reader learns that, as a young boy, this man, probably Joyce himself, has an infatuation with Mangan’s sister. Mangan is the deceased priest that used to live nearby. Joyce conveys to the reader exactly what the boy thinks and how he feels about this woman through his use of first person point of view.
Through the use of first person point of view the reader learns of the boy’s anxiousness to go to the bazaar, where he believes he will meet the woman whom he dreams about. Upon his arrival he is disappointed that the bazaar is closing and visits one of the booths that is still open. It is when the woman working in the booth, that he visits, asks if he would like to buy anything, that the reader realizes why his crush speaks to him in the beginning of the story. The boy feels that the woman at the booth speaks to him “out of a sense of duty.” Only then does he realize that this is why Margan’s sister speaks to him. The reader is made aware of the “anguish and anger” the boy experiences as the bazaar closes through the use of this point of view.
Unlike “Araby,” Joyce chooses to use an omniscient third person point of view in h...