It is obvious from any study concerning the nursing profession that it is, as a whole, drastically different than 50 years ago and one can only imagine what it will have evolved to in another 50 years. Through the centuries, nursing has taken on a variety of themes and definitions. Included in these are the thoughts that nursing is caring, adaptive, individualized, holistic, and also interrelated with family and community. There are theories that indicate that it involves not only teaching but services, both direct and indirect and also evidence that nursing is a science, as well as an art, concerned with health promotion, maintenance, restorations, and care of the dying (Kozier, Erb, Olivieri, 1991). Regardless of how one defines nursing, it is certain that nursing encompasses a vast body of knowledge and requires a great deal of competency and skill. It is also a demanding profession that involves a high level of interaction. Throughout this interaction, nurses must b!
e conscious of factors that influence not only the well being of their patient, but also the well-being of others and how their care plays a role in the 'big picture' surrounding their profession (Kozier, Erb, Olivieri, 1991).
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It should also be mentioned that, for the most part, patients appreciate having a 'nurse advocate'. It is viewed very favorably by many since it essentially puts registered nurses 'back at the bedside' and unlike other methods, it does a great deal to reduce problems with continuity of care (Sullivan, Decker, 1992). The Journal of Nursing Administration, 11(11-12), 30-36. Nursing DeliveryReferencesBertram, D. In this situation, ideally, the other professional nurses on the team should help support the team leader's role, however, although not always the case, there is quite often there is only one professional nurse assigned to any particular 'team' unit (Kozier, Erb, Olivieri, 1991). Redwood City: Addison Wesley Nursing. Questions concerning the responsibility of complex tasks being assigned to only one person may arise. All-RN model of nursing care delivery: A cost benefit evaluation. The impact of unlicensed assistive personnel on nursing care delivery. Journal of Nursing Administration, 20(11), 43-46. In fact, unlike the case method, the functional method stresses control, quality, and efficiency by delegating responsibility and authority from the top down (Hamilton, 1992). One of these models is the primary nursing system, which is important to review because in some cases it has been deemed superior, yet it still has many disadvantages and contradictions to quality. Effects of Hospital Downsizing on Surviving Staff.