Athena -goddess

Length: 6 Pages 1479 Words

The goddess of war, handicrafts, wisdom and self-realization. The portrait of Athena found in poetry and art is exceptionally accurate for the Greek people as a whole, perhaps because Greek poets and artists tended, like Athena, to belong to society and civilization and not like Artemis, like the wilderness. Even the goddess as she was before Homer, the goddess whom archeology and linguistics must reconstruct, finds close reflection in Homer’s pages. When during 2nd millenium B.C. the Greeks settled the peninsula to which they later gave their name, they probably found Athena’s worship’s already established, in Crete if not on the main land. The pre-Greek Minoan Cretans worshiped a snake goddess who protected the home and who, like other Minoan deities, was thought to appear among men in the shape of a bird; snake and bird attributes as well as bird epiphany are especially characteristics of Athena as she appears in Homers and afterward. The Minoans worshiped their goddess in recessed sanctuaries in their palaces, her priest being the master of the house or, in palaces, the king. Then, probably, with the dissolution of the Mycenaean society around 1100-1000 B.C. and the migration of the Greeks across the Aegean to Asia Mi Continue...


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