Kant & the problem of modern philosophy

Length: 3 Pages 858 Words

In Immaneul Kant’s work, Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, the principle idea or question of discussion is whether or not metaphysics is possible. Although this is clearly the objective of his argument, the author is not concerned with constructing metaphysics. Rather he uses this question as a method of articulating the problem of modern philosophy, for by creating an inquiry of the theory of metaphysics one is forced to examine its conditions of possibility. This problem of modern philosophy is based on the gap between the phenomenal and the noumenal, or the experience of reality and the knowledge of reality, as illustrated by the renowned empiricist, David Hume. According to Hume, we are fundamentally limited to the phenomenal, holding only our impressions as true based on perception. In contrast, Kant introduced the idea that the mind leaves an impression on perception, which illustrates cooperation between the mind and experience based on their conformity, t! hus explaining knowledge. This innate form has been given to us, and through time and space we are allowed a certain amount of flexibility within boundaries. The genius of Kant lies in the fact that he created an image of reality that was not possib Continue...


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When we speak of God we don"tmt create the dogmatic assumptions that Hume describes, rather we construct symbolic explanations that relate different things to allow characterization. Although we can never know the whole of the experience of God, as it exists within itself, we can recognize this limitation and judge our experience through the conditions of possibility for the frame subjects us to such deliberation. Due to the fact that the point of reference was now altered, this idea created a revolution for philosophy for the new paradigm shifted schools of thought. The problem of this lies within the fact that our knowledge is restricted to appearances, for we will never know the true nature of things as they are in themselves. ------------------------------------------------------------------------Bibliography. We can never know the whole of our experience because there is always the possibility of a contrasting event altering our understanding. This is relevant because we view ourselves as existing in an objective spaceo-temporal order, meaning that everything is conditional allowing thought not to be just limited to the mind. If a further statement were made, you would be crossing the line from the phenomenal to the noumenal. We presume these ideas in order to allow us to philosophize through experience. Kant"tms theory comes into consideration at this point for Hume"tms skepticism has now contradicted itself. It was Hume"tms belief that you must have experience to have anything at all, for existence must be perceived through impression. le with Hume, for he instilled a level of confidence through recognition of our limits. In effect, we would become apathetic to reason, which is contrary to human nature. Therefore, the significance of Kant"tms work is that it portrays the parameters within the mind, which in effect turns Hume"tms skepticism into positive reinforcement of experience. We can obviously say that there was a creator, which is a material truth.

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