Games of the XXVIII Olympiad in Athens, Greece, were viewed by 3.9 billion viewers around the globe (“Athens Games,” 2004). This was possible only because of the television. This is one of the advantages of television since watching Olympic promoted peace, friendship, solidarity and fair play. However, there are disadvantages of television and the one which is of the greatest concerns to parents is its impact on child development.
Television watching itself affects child development regardless of the program content. It adversely affects children's thinking, speaking, imagination, senses, physique, feelings, and behavior.
According to Carla Kalin (1997), statistics indicate that the typical American child will be exposed to 12,000 violent acts on television a year. The American Psychological Association Help Center reveals that children’s TV programming alone contains about 20 violent acts an hour ( “Violence on Television,” n.d.).
TV glamorizes violence. TV often promotes violent acts as a fun and effective way to get what you want. Most violent acts go unpunished on TV and are often accompanied by humor. Even “good guys” beating up “bad guys” gives a message that violence is normal and okay. Children learn b
"Television watching at an early age can lead to increased attention problems in later childhood, according to the study, "Early Television Exposure and Subsequent Attentional Problems in Children" (2004). They also see many commercials for unhealthy foods, such as candy, snacks, sugary cereals and drinks. They are:Learning aggressive behaviors and attitudes Becoming desensitized to real world violence Developing a fear of being victimized The Department of Education (2000) states that language skills are best developed through reading and interactions with others in conversation and play. " This new evidence suggests that parents, more than ever, must be Media Wise with children of all ages (Media Wise eNews, 2003). They do not have the capacity to evaluate it critically, and as a result parents are pressured to buy products such as cereal and toys. Children who watch too much TV have less time for these activities, which are so important for healthy development. Violent television programming teaches children that violence is an acceptable way to solve problems. The American Psychological Association Help Center indicates that there are three types of harmful effects associated with viewing violence ("Violence on Television," n. According to American Academy of Pediatrics children who watch too much television are more likely to be overweight. Television by emphasizing the visual reduces the need of children to learn how to speak as no verbal response is required of the child and thus speech is discouraged.