Alexander of Macedonia is one of the greatest leaders to ever live. He has made some great contributions to his time and to our time as well. Alexander’s life and accomplishments have been intriguing to both historians and students for hundreds of years. That is why I choose this topic, I wanted to learn and understand his way of life.
Alexander was the son of Philip II of Macedonia and Olympias. Olympias was the orphaned daughter of the king of Epirus, and was a descendant of Achilles. Philip and Olympias were married in 357 B.C. Philip ruled Macedonia from 359-336 B.C. He came to power just after the Macedonians had suffered defeat at the hands of the Illyrians. Philip sought to unify and strengthen all of Macedonia. Philip has been credited with beginning the practice of allowing the sons of nobles to be educated in the court of the king. This practice further aided Philip’s quest to strengthen his alliances by creating the natural loyalty that was felt by the sons of Philip. In 338 B.C. Philip led his forces into battle against the Athenian and Theban armies. Although he was greatly outnumbered, he managed to overpower his opposition with the use of phalanxes. Following his victory, Sparta was the only Greek State n
This was a necessary step to take in order and to keep peace in his kingdom. Alexander conquered lands outside of the Persian Empire because he wanted to see the ocean that was rumored to exist on the other side of Asia at the edge of the earth. , Alexander met Darius in battle for the second time at a mountain pass at Issus. One of the banquets was held by one of Alexander"tms close friends, Medius. After defeating the strongest opposition, Alexander wanted to continue west, but his troops refused to go any further. Maybe it is only fitting that such a powerful and honorable man should die a death involved in no honor at all. Just before Philip was to join the invasion of Asia, he was assassinated. On the following morning, the two armies met, with the Macedonians slaughtering the Persians. The site of the city was chosen by his interpretation of a particular scene from Homers Odyssey. Greek culture spread throughout the entire Middle East and Mediterranean and had an effect on everything from government to education, down to trade and everyday life. Thebes was then sacked and burned as an example to the rest of Greece.