“Until civil rights laws were passed during the 1960’s, most African Americans faced blatant discrimination that was legally prescribed or permitted”(17), says Joe R. Feagin and Hernan Vera co-authors of White Racism. There was a time when racism took over people’s lives. However from the 1960’s until now, there has been a movement trying to stop discrimination. Affirmative action began in the 1970’s to overcome the past effects of discrimination. Some say affirmative action is the correct way to heal the past. Others feel the past cannot be changed and no matter what laws are made, people are still going to discriminate no matter who you are. In addition, Affirmative action tends to give an advantage to minorities who do not deserve it and discriminate against those who are more qualified. Racism is still a dominant force in our culture. Knowing affirmative action exists minorities may tend to not work so hard. They know they have a cushion that not everyone has to suc!
ceed in life.
Some argue that Affirmative action should be permitted. It allows minorities to experience different areas and learn about other cultures. For example, a young adult living in the worst part of the city can achieve a degree at
The same reasons racism occurred many years ago, cannot be the basis of racism now. One reason is political and the other is guilt" (44). He also feels that middle class blacks feel guilty if they are better off. He attends a school that cannot afford to buy new books or pay for clubs. This is why many people disagree with affirmative action. It"tms to put an end to the taboo that protects race-haters if they"tmre black, or that invokes a double standard by excusing crimes committed against whites as "payback"tm for "injustices"tm committed in another time and place"(102). Different social groups can come together and it is acceptable. Jacques Steinberg a writer for The New York Times writes an article about Affirmative Action and states that "much of the justification for affirmative action in other areanas has concerned the righting of past wrongs, and thus faces a time limit: when the playing field has been leveled, such policies will no longer be needed"(1). Powell, a faculty member at the University of Minnesota Law School brings up the fact that "real integration involves fundamental change among whites and people of color, as people and communities.