In a Marxist Approach, it’s focus is on the ideology and content of the author’s work. The Marxist Approach is mostly based on Karl Marx, and is generally referring to the race, power, culture, and class of the authors work. Marxism tries to explain a text in economical manner, as by the differences between economical classes.
When using a Marxist Approach the critic tends to look for tension and contradictions within the literary works. This is all appropriate because Marxism was originally formulated to analyze stress and contradiction within the society. The Marxist critics also see literature as intimately linked to social power and then their literature is linked to larger social questions. Marxist criticism is materialistic so it has more in common with theories that focuses upon how literature functions within social, political and economic structures, than it does with theories that focuses only on the text.
The Marxist critic is explaining that the whole play is based on economic terms. The critic is saying that when all the students realize that the play, “A Doll House” is affected by the economic background of each character then they will fully be able to understand the true meaning of the play. The critic stresses that all
the characters add to the main struggle which is between Nora and her husband Torvald . The Marxist critic also mentions that towards the end of the play, Nora not only turns away for her marriage to Torvald by saying she is no longer in love with him, but also turns away from her financial dependency after she realizes that her personal and human freedom can not be measured in economic terms.
By using sexist comments such as “ It was not “natural” but artificial, a role created by their relationship to families and subservience to men.” makes it almost impossible to agree with the Marxist critic.(Witham,& Lutterbie 1630)