The main purpose of this research paper is to study the political structure and civil service of Germany. This paper consists of the introduction, the main body, the conclusion, and the reference list.
The main body consists of two parts. The first part will be devoted to the political structure of Germany. It will discuss the division of Germany, its unification, parliament, Germany before and after democracy.
The second part will discuss the reforms in the civil service of 2000 as compared to that of 1950s. So, this paper mainly illustrates the benefits of German political structure and public administration after democracy.
Germany has always attracted the whole world’s attention for its historical experience, which strongly differs from that of other European countries. German history has represented itself as a difficult and protracted process of nation building. German people have been engaged in perpetual search of national state.
Since the 1871, when Otto von Bismarck established a unified Second German Empire, the territory of Germany started its authoritarian development. Political power was centralized around the monarch (Kaiser). Social Democrats as an opposition were rather weak to resist the monarchy. Citi
The basic criteria for recruitment are the high education, special training, examinations of career aptitude and appropriate background. Those who want to become civil servants at higher or elevated levels are expected to make a long-term commitment, and must pass an entrance examination, which checks their ability in career aptitude. According to the Basic Law the deputies of Bundestag represent the whole people and not just specific interests or movements. The Cabinet consists of 18 departments, each of which is headed by a minister. If the lower or middle class workers had access to different positions and were given merit-based promotion - there was an increase in upward social mobility. So the 1950s had a dual character:1. The government of the Empire collapsed, because of the inability to govern anymore. Adolph Hitler and his National Socialist German Worker"tms party (the Nazis) became the major beneficiaries. Low level servants have the opportunity to rise in position based on merit, which was not the case in 1950s. In September 1990 a treaty was signed between the Federal Republic and the German Democratic Republic to unify two states.