Hamlet is the son of the late king Hamlet (who dies about two months before the play starts). After his father dies, his brother Claudius becomes king and marries the queen of Denmark, Gertrude. Hamlet dreads that Claudius killed his own brother, King Hamlet, to be the king of Denmark, which terribly angers him. Two officers of the king, Marcellus and Bernardo beckon Hamlet's friend, Horatio, and later Hamlet himself to see the late King Hamlet's ghost appear at midnight. Privately, the ghost tells Hamlet that Claudius really did kill him by pouring poison into his ear while he was sleeping. Hamlet gets angry and devises a plan to revenge against Claudius.
Hamlet is so furious, he acts like a lunatic so Claudius, Gertrude, and Polonius send Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to spy on Hamlet to see why he is going crazy. Hamlet is so angry that he even is rude to Ophelia, which makes Polonius think Hamlet is just madly in love. Polonius then sends Laertes to France (then later sends Reynaldo to spy on Laertes) and had told Ophelia never to socialize with Hamlet. Claudius then thinks Hamlet may try to kill him, so he sends him off to England. Before he leaves though, he has several actors to reenact King Hamlet’s death while Claudius is at the play so that he will confess the murder. Claudius is upset, but he doesn’t admit to the crime. Gertrude tries to reason with Hamlet afterwards while Polonius spies on them behind a curtain. Hamlet hears Polonius, thinking it is Claudius, and stabs him through the curtain. When Hamlet finds out it was Polonius and not Claudius, he regrets it. Claudius still send him to England, though, c!
haperoned by Rosencrantz and Guildenstern with orders for the English to kill Hamlet as soon as he gets there. After Hamlet leaves for England, Laertes comes back from France and is angry over his father’s death. Ophelia too becomes mad and falls in a stream and drowns.