Third World Development and Gender

Length: 8 Pages 2079 Words

The issue of third world development has been around for a long time. The debates are usually about what has hindered the development of third world countries, but there is evidence that the development of the third world has hindered the development of gender equalities in those countries. Gender has been one of the main focuses in third world development. When referring to gender we usually think of male and female, but in fact gender deals with the social roles that the people are born into. We are born into our biological sex but the way in which we become masculine or feminine are a combination of our biology and the interpretation of our biology by our culture and the social class that we are born into. Once we are born we are already set into our gender roles without a choice, although we tend to believe that we a large degree of freedom in which we can choose who we want to be. Our gender affects our appearance (masculine or feminine), the way we dress (skirt, pants, ...), attitudes (arrogant, snobby, ...), personalities (friendly, self-centred, ...) and other behaviours. This explains why we will analyse gender development not women development, because not all the women in the world has the same interest and discu Continue...

The Association of African Women for Research and Development (AAWORD) released a manifesto in 1985 stating their analysis on the present crisis of Africa:. ssing it as a single issue would not be logical. The old assumption that with the development process the availability of goods and services will automatically be increased and poverty will be removed, is now under serious challenge from women's ecology movements in the Third World. Reductionist economics assumes that only paid labour produces value. But there is not any money, the wages are not enough to buy anything. Women here in Bolivia try to meet their needs in the crisis as best they can, in desperation. Without the recognition that women deserve for housework and other work that women performs without pay is neglecting women's role in our society. Simultaneously, emphasis was laid on providing the infrastructural facilities and institutions to assist the transition towards modern, capitalist, industrialised societies. As far as peasant women are concerned nothing has changed in the last 30 years. As some of the women living in the third world countries wrote about the lives they live under these circumstances, we can see how capitalism has hurt their lives even more than before. This essay will analyse the two main issues in which third world development has hindered the development of women's gender needs and interests in these countries. Neglecting the work that a women does without pay is like neglecting the fact that nature is the primary supplier our consumerism. With time and mobility as their constraints, they are forced to work for the cheapest rates .