Prayer and meditation have always formed the core of the mystical life, but they have all too often been left in the realm of the "vowed" adherents, the monks, the priests, and such, other than for that occasional gathering in church or other event. Meditation and prayer are probably humanity's most recognizable inner practices for making contact with the spiritual domain. Forms of these can be found in almost every religion, both East and West and many people believe that meditation is the same as praying.
There are several methods of Meditation. Some are based on breathing techniques; others on using a "mantra" or sacred word or text while others are based on the use of the body and concentration on body movement. Then just get comfortable with your back straight. This could be sitting on the floor on a pillow or in a chair. Just get comfortable. Don't fight the process. If you find yourself thinking, then gently start again. My idea of it is to exist completely in the moment. Do not think of what has happened or what is to come. Do not let past experience influence your thinking, in other words, see things only for what they are, without distorting them with your mind.
I break meditation & prayer into 2 categories. Prayer,
Hindus offer a different explanation of who God is and his role in human life. Because there is no direct interaction of god with humans and no will of god is revealed then where is the sense in prayer to someone who actions might be characterized as apathetic (that is not to say that Hindus believe Brahmin to be himself apathetic). Understanding or knowing god (Brahmin) is finding the ultimate reality of self, or finding the true center of self and in that state experiencing Brahmin. Hinduism goes on to say one way to live a spiritual fulfilling life is to avoid the traps of the body and to perpetuate internal discovery!. When prayer is moved on to this plane, the ritual of prayer have less to do with the daily, physical needs of the persons making the prayer. Eastern Religions, seem not to be quite so quid quo pro. Though all Christians may not believe enlightenment to be impersonal exploration without God, I believe that enlightenment of the self can be explored apart from God. Meditation is designed to bypass the mind, using special breathing techniques. Moreover prayer and meditation might seem to be rather different from each other. Praying can be viewed as the asking of a favor from God, a personal conversation of giving thanks, giving worship. Where the prayer is manifested as the way! to better understanding God and building a relationship with him, meditation is better understanding of our world and us. One notices that, while Christians are always asking for one another"tms prayers on various issues, Hindus do not request the prayers of others. Bringing the mind to a state of silence with the goal being to experience our true nature. Therefore, it is clear to see the act of quieting the mind would manifest itself in this doctrine. The Hindu belief of reincarnation is another intrinsic factor for the practice of meditation.