Acid rain is a problem that has plagued earth for years. It is poisoning our waters,
animals, plants, soil, and more. It is a problem that cannot be ignored or it might have
catastrophic results on our environment. Acid rain is caused by air pollution, which is due
to man-made actions. Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of
fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain.
Power plants and factories burn coal and oil, which is used to produce the
electricity we need to heat and light our homes and to run our electric appliances. We
also burn natural gas, coal, and oil to heat our homes, and our cars, trucks, boats, and
airplanes use gasoline to run, which is another fossil fuel. The smoke and fumes from
burning fossil fuels rise into the atmosphere and combine with the moisture in the air to
form acid rain. The main chemicals in air pollution that create acid rain are sulfur dioxide
and nitrogen oxides. Acid rain usually forms high in the clouds where sulfur dioxide and
nitrogen oxides react with water, oxygen, and oxidants. This forms a mild solution of
sulfuric acid and nitric acid. Sunlight then increases the rate of these reactions. Rainwater,
snow, fog, and other forms of precipitation containing those mild solutions of sulfuric
and nitric acids fall to the earth as acid rain.
How can we prevent the pollution and the poisoning of the planet when we rely
on so many fossil fuels? We can’t just stop warming our homes, stop driving our cars,
trucks, and boats. There have already been advances in technology to aid in the cause of
pollution prevention. Some new cars run on electricity, but not completely. It still runs
on oil and contributes to forming more dangerous forms of pollution, acid rain.
Acid rain is a much more complex problem then most people realize. Acid rain
does not only drop dangerously high levels of acid into the ground direc...