Why was the fertile crescent s

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University of Natal, Durban Warwick Chapman 200268944 Faculty of Human Sciences History 02/10/2001 “Why was the fertile crescent so important in the history of the development of farming?” Historians and Archaeologists agree that the most important event since the last Ice Age, or indeed since the evolution of human beings from their hominid ancestors, was the rise of agriculture in the Fertile Crescent by 8000 B.C. The economic, political, and technological developments that followed provided the foundation upon which modern civilisations were built. The crescent is bow shaped tract of land in southwest Asia stretching from Jordan northwards to southern Turkey, then swinging southwards to the borders of Iraq and Iran, incorporating parts of Israel, Palestine, Lebanon and Syria. The mountainous physical geography of the area was formed by movement of earth’s crust, forcing the Arabian Peninsula to collide with stable Iranian Plateau, resulting in a fold mountain range. The Fertile Crescent’s importance in the history of the development of farming is intrinsically linked to its location on the globe. The crescent had both natural diversity and climatic advantages over other regions, placing it at Continue...


Had the origins of agro-pastoral food production been anywhere else other than in the mediterranean region of southwest Asia, the history of farming and its development would be significantly different, and likely far less developed and established. "Internetucation -- Neolithic Society". The Fertile Crescent"tms position in relation to all other regions of the world contributed to the most comprehensive diffusion possible in a relatively short space of time. Other regions may have had the required natural diversity for the development of a complete package, but complete distribution would be immensely more complex. Throughout the rest of the world, the growth of large, dense, sedentary human populations relied wholly upon the production of food to support not only the farmers, but also the non-food producing members of the new population. ukarchaeologyrugAR210TransitionsToFarmingferthtml. All regions along the west-east axis of the entire Eurasian continent, in a similar line to that of the crescent, could accept the packages without having to adapt to new day lengths, climates, and diseases.