Define the problem
Colon cancer is a condition that affects thousands of people. About 140,000 new cases are diagnosed each year and it kills more than 56,000 people each year. This type of cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. The problem that surrounds this deadly disease is that half of this deaths could be prevented by screening, unfortunately the majority of people older than 50 do not undergo for colorectal cancer screening even though is recommended for all persons50 and over and for those with family history. Also many primary care physician do not screen for all the patients who meet the qualifications for colorectal screening. Screening can prevent colorectal cancer when detection and removal of precancerous polyps is done on time. Anther problem with
Describe the diseaseCancer of the colon, a common form of cancer, is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the tissues of the colon. The colon is part of the body's digestive system. Natural history of the diseaseAfter diagnosis and to fond out if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the doctor needs to identify the stage of the cancer to start the appropriate treatment. The cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Place attributesGeographic pattern for colon cancer varies greatly on states and regions across the United States for all race and sex groups. The geographical factors that contribute to high colon cancer in certain areas are not clear, but diet and nutritional factors might be involved. It is found only in the innermost lining of the colon or rectum. colorectal cancer screening is the fact that many people feel uncomfortable having this part of the anatomy examined. The cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, but not to other parts of the body. The American Cancer Society recommends an annual digital rectal examination for people age 40, an annual fecal occult blood test for people age over 50 and flexible sigmoidoscopy every three to five years for people aged over 50. The cancer involves more of the inner wall of the colon or rectum. The cancer has spread outside the colon or rectum to nearby tissue, but not to the lymph nodes (Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped structures that are part of the body's immune system.