The founding fathers that developed the Constitution were not seeking to realize any fine notions about democracy and equality, but were striving with all the resources of political wisdom at their command to set up a system of government that would be stable and efficient, safeguarded on one hand against the possibilities of despotism and on the other against the onslaught of majorities. It was believed by some of the founding fathers that the downfall of the government under the Articles of Confederation came from too much democracy.
Madison summed up the general idea of the convention when he stated that to secure private rights against majority factions, and at the same time to preserve the spirit and form of popular government, was the great object to which their inquiries had been directed. The largest priority of the founding parties was to safeguard the rights of private property against any socialistic-minded people.
It was thought the property was the main object of society. Madison warned the convention that in framing a system which they wished to last for the ages they must not forget the changes which time would potentially produce in the forms and distribution of property. It was argued that as the population increased, the amount of poverty-stricken people would increase. This could potentially cause a political problem if these people wished to distribute the wealth of the country more evenly. Because of this, some founding fathers thought that property ownership was a necessary voting prerequisite. This idea was ultimately defeated in the final draft of the Constitution. A system of checks and balances guarded the interests of property against attacks by majorities. Madison believed that one of the Constitutions greatest qualities was that it secured the rights of the minority against the superior force of an interested and overbearing