Discrimination can be defined as treating people/groups of people less favourably than others due to factors relating to race, colour, gender, disability, ethnic origin, nationality, age, and religion.
Unfortunately there are many groups in our society that face discrimination every day, and this discrimination can take a variety of forms including direct and indirect discrimination.
Direct discrimination is when someone openly and obviously treats someone differently due to the above factors. An example of direct discrimination could be when a woman is deliberately ignored for promotion even though she meets all the criteria, in favour of a man who has fewer qualifications. This is discrimination on the grounds of gender.
Indirect discrimination is when a rule, requirement or condition is imposed, which effectively leads to less favourable treatment for a particular group of people. An example of indirect discrimination could be a job advertisement such as ‘Assistant required, must speak fluent English’. This is indirect discrimination because it might exclude people whose first language is not English or recent immigrants.
There is a growing body of legislation preventing and making
These successful cases are putting pressure on businesses to treat everyone fairly, which in turn is helping to combat the act of discrimination nationwide. Two such pieces of legislation include The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 and The Race Relations (Amendment) Act (2000). These include having a race equality policy and action plan, monitoring the recruitment and progress of minority staff and students, assessing the impact of policies on minority groups and publishing the policy and results for assessment and monitoring. The Sex Discrimination Act 1975The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 applies to women and men of any age, including children. When people are competing in sports in which the average woman is at a disadvantage against the average man because of physical strength, stamina or physique. Race Relations (Amendment) Act (2000)The race relations act makes in unlawful to treat a person less favourably than another on racial grounds. The Race Relations Act imposes a general duty on public authorities to eliminate unlawful discrimination and promote race equality and equality of opportunities between people of different racial groups. Indirect discrimination occurs when a universal requirement puts people of a particular race or religion at a disadvantage. Anti discriminatory practices can be defined as an approach to working with people that promotes Diversity and valuing differencesSelf-esteem and positive group identityFulfilment of individual potential, and,The full participation of all groups in society. It also includes the unfair treatment of a woman because she is pregnant and passing up a person for promotion due to their gender. The purpose of which is to promote equality and anti-discriminatory practice. For example, a job advertisement that states employees must have short hair would exclude some religious groups including Sikhs, who do not believe in cutting the hair. It applies in employment, training, education and in the provision of housing, services and goods.