Length: 5 Pages 1193 Words

What is Normal? There are several criteria for judging whether people's thinking, emotions, or behaviors are normal. But to explain clearly what is normal, we must find out what is abnormal. Abnormal is thought, behavior, feelings which are maladaptive, disruptive, uncomfortable to person those they are in relationship with. It is known by consequences that include losing control over action, thought, emotion in personal, social, or work life. If we define normality as what most people do, an obvious criterion for abnormality is statistical infrequency, that which is atypical or rare. Another criterion for abnormality is personal suffering and norm violation. Because no single criterion is entirely adequate for identifying abnormality, mental health practitioners and researchers tend to adopt a practical approach that combines aspects of all the criteria. This practical approach pays special attention to whether a person's thoughts, behavior, or emotions cause impaired functioning - that is, difficulty in fulfilling appropriate and expected social roles. Also, normal people are people that are not suffering from psychological disorders. In spite of differing definitions of abnormality within and across cultures, th Continue...

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Because there are psychological problems that take somatic form, such conditions are called somatoform disorders. In 1952 the American Psychiatric Association published the first edition of what has become the "official" North America diagnostic classification system, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). They have focused on four main explanations: supernatural influences, biological factors, psychological process, and sociocultural context. Schizophrenia disorder is a pattern of severely disturbed thinking, emotion, perception, and behaviour that seriously impairs the ability to communicate and relate to others and disrupts. The most famous dissociative disorder is dissociative identity disorder (DID). Other kinds of dissociative disorders are dissociative tugue and dissociative amnesia. DID is a condition in which a person has more than one identity, each of which speaks, acts, and writes in a very different way. He said psychological disorder is resulted from imbalances among four humors, or bodily fluids. The fear prompts frequent visits to physicians and reports of numerous symptoms. What are the causes of psychological disorders People throughout the world have tried to understand the causes of psychological disorders. Another kind of disorders, dissociative disorders, is a sudden and usually temporary disruption in a person's memory, consciousness, or identity. There are four types of anxiety disorders: phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Person suffering from panic disorder experience recurrent terrifying panic attacks that often come without warning or obvious cause and are marked by intense heart palpitations, pressure or pain in the chest, dizziness or unsteadiness, sweating, and a feeling or faintness; often, victims believe they are having a heart attack. Physicians have unpredictable mood swings between depression and mania.


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