A Federalist's Speech

Length: 5 Pages 1221 Words

A Federalist's Speech (I made this up actually) Friends, Many of us are overreacting; the Constitution is not meant to oppress us. As of now, our states are vulnerable. Do you honestly think that one of our states can maintain their independence from the British on its own? Survival as a respected nation requires the transfer of important, though limited, powers to a central government, and this can be done without destroying the identity or autonomy of separate states. I am like you; none of us wants to replace one oppressive monarchy with another centralized, unrestrained regime. But our Articles of Confederation were unstable and disorganized, and they allowed for petty jealousy and competition between states. Americans, we must unite; but I see that we must also have a balance of power. This Constitution allows for this new kind of balance, never achieved elsewhere. Indeed, the Federalist Papers themselves indicate a balance or compromise between the national propensities of Mr. Hamilton- who reflects the commercial interests of a port city, New York- and the wariness of Mr. Madison, who shares the suspicion of distant authority widely held by Virginia farmers. Rather than the absolute sovereignty of each state Continue...

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The Supreme Court has the right to rule upon the constitutionality of laws passed by national legislatures; Congress cannot just pass any law that it sees fit. Finally this Constitution accommodates the needs of the judiciaries by having them be appointed for life and having them be free from popular, executive, or legislative pressures; that is, the judiciaries have the right to act upon their morality and good judgment, with no corruption by power. Wise men, here I urge upon you the principle of pluralism, which welcomes diversity both for its own sake as a testimony to individual variety and freedom, but even more crucially for its positive effect in neutralizing conflicting passions and interests. The pragmatist recognizes human imperfection; this is precisely the reason we need a government at all. Self-government doesnt exist without constitutionalism. In our exaggerated efforts to establish a government without a tyrant, we have lost sight of the purpose of government. One defense against an overbearing faction is the republican (or representative) form of government, which tends to enhance public views by passing them through the medium of a chosen body of presumably educated and good-natured citizens. And to those of you who think that such representatives are at too great a distance from mass sentiments, I say this: for that same reason these representatives also have a larger and wiser outlook that adds to that of the masses. Under this Constitution, we will have a concurrency of powers between the national and state governments, analogous to the planets revolving around the sun yet retaining their separate status. Liberty doesnt exist without self-government. The very process of ratification of the Constitution symbolizes the concept of federalism rather than nationalism. Remember, happiness doesnt exist without liberty.