David Hume was one of the greatest thinkers in Western History. He was an 18th century philosopher who looked at the world in logical terms. He was a realist who, through philosophy, sought to distinguish between the impression of human experience and the ideas, which are changing representations of life experiences. He was also the ultimate sceptic, who did not accept that which presented itself as knowledge until it was proven to be so. Hume was more than a philosopher, he was also an accomplished historian, economist, sociologist. He had also deep effects on Enlightenment. David Hume was born on April 26, 1711 in Edinburgh, Scotland as a second son of a lawyer family. He started to study at the university in order to become a lawyer in 1723 and he had interested in philosophy and literature. While he was in France he wrote his masterpiece “ A Treatise of Human Nature.” In this book he sought to introduce the experimental method of reasoning into moral subject, or more simply he introduce the scientific methods of the Enlightenment by bearing on five human subjects: Understanding, passions, morals, politics and criticism. Hume also dedi
Besides this works he had also other important works like "Natural History of Religion. if you say sometimes 22 is not 4 you are contradicting the meaning of four). When we attempt to break down the concept of heaven into small ideas, we are left with things such as pearly gates, angles and golden palaces. In the among these perceptions there is no causal connection, there is no knowable causality anywhere. Angels are human figures with wings. Hume"tms most famous contributions are in international trade. But Hume concludes that they are all tautologies and if they are tautologies they reveal nothing about reality. It is one another thing to close my eyes and have the image of what I have seen in my room. Contrary to the Mercantilists, he did not conceive of foreign trade as a zero sum game but argued that there are mutual gains. The complex ideas that form it, are all made up of simple ideas. A simple example of this is the idea of an angel. David Hume"tms ideas had great effects on today"tms society in many ways. He was adamant that wealth was measured by the stock of commodities of a nation, not is stock of money.
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David Hume, Natural Religion,
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