Motivation is the condition of providing something as need, belief, or desire that induces a character to act. In the historical fiction Night, by Elie Wiesel, action and setting contribute significantly to the motivation of the central protagonist, Elie. The overall effect of motivation presents the characters as retrogressing to savage-like behaviors. Motivation undoubtedly portrays a vital role in Elie's demeanor.
Many times, actions of others influence the aspirations of the main character. One day in the story, the Kapo (head of prison block) Idek flies into his usual fanatical rage and beats Elie. A young Aryan French girl comforts him in German. Years later, Elie meets the woman in Paris. She reveals that she is Jewish and risked her life, trusting Elie by speaking to him in German. The girl's words
Another time, prisoners are so crowded into barracks that people are piled upon each other. Elie finds himself lying on top of Juliek, a Polish violinist he knew in Buna. Setting also affects the inclination of the central figure. Elie comes to not even caring for his father. One man desperately hungry, kills his own father for a piece of bread. Notably, setting and action contributes greatly to the motivation of the central character, Elie. Because of the more humane treatment, Elie and the residents of Auschwitz are more spirited. motivated and encouraged Elie to be determined and not give up. Either by diminishing or heightening motivation, the setting is important in determining the amount of it. Elie, though physically beaten, is emotionally boosted by this. On the last march to Gleiwitz, Elie's father becomes weak, and catches a deadly case of dysentry. Gleiwitz influences the motivation by reducing it. Dwelling in Birkenau, Elie loses hope and motivation but regains some of it at Auschwitz. So while in Gleiwitz, Elie, is demoralized. The horror of the holocaust that allowed people like Elie to be persecuted, should never be permitted to transpire again.