Bullying in School

Length: 3 Pages 809 Words

Background Bullying in the schools has negative effects on individual students and on the school climate as a whole. Bullying can cause long-term problems for both the victims of bullying and the bullies themselves. To explore the effects of bullying on adolescents, we will define bullying, identify the characteristics of bullies and victims, outline the extent and consequences of bullying, and present resources for further information and assistance. What is Bullying Bullying is any behavior that is initiated by one or more students against a victim or victims that causes physical or psychological intimidation. Bullying behaviors can be classified as either direct (such as teasing, threatening, hitting, or stealing) or indirect (such as rumor spreading or social isolation). Boys typically employed direct methods of bullying, while girls tend to use in direct methods. Either way, behaviors must occur repeatedly overtime to be classified as bullying. Characteristics of Bullies and Victims There are specific behaviors that bullies tend to exhibit. The bullies often need to feel powerful and in control. They may feel no remorse when they inflict injury and suffering on others. Bullies tend to defy authority and Continue...

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Victims tend to be socially isolated, and may lack social skills and friends. What Can Be DoneBecause bullying often occurs on school grounds, schools are generally in charged of the task of eliminating bullying and are normally responsible for any intervention that is required. Those who bully during the school years will generally experience legal or criminal problems as adults. Long-term effects of bullying on victims include depression and low self-esteem. The Extent and Consequences of BullyingAccording to the 1993 study, approximately 15 percent of students are either the victims or the initiators of direct bullying (Olweus). role-playing activities and classroom discussions), improving the overall school environment, and empowering students through assertiveness training, peers counseling, and conflict resolution programs. To be effective, however, intervention must involve all parentsguardians (not just those whose children are victims of bullies) working in conjunction with the school community. Olweus (1993) emphasizes an anti-bullying approach that involves intervention at the school, classroom, and individual levels. They are often anxious, insecure, cautious, and have low self-esteem. They often continue bullying behavior into adulthood, which negatively impacts their ability to develop and maintain positive relationships. For bullies, the effects are mainly long-term. They seem to have little anxiety and appear to possess high self-esteem. Victims also tend to exhibit specific characteristics.


School Safety Survey: Bullying
School Safety Survey: Bullying. For the purpose of this exercise, an assumption is made that the focus within the context of school safety is on bullying. (549 2 )

How Bullying Effects Learning
However, when the US Secret Service linked bullying as the motivation for a number of school shootings, educators, parents and others began to take bullying (1706 7 )

Educators' Views of School Violence NATURE OF THE STUDY The
Results showed that school violence cases were not frequent but that bullying and school refusal cases occurred in almost all schools during the past year. (5491 22 )

School Counseling
Simon (2000) explored for the contribution of several factors (familial variables, peer influences, and environmental factors) on bullying behavior in school. (2239 9 )

Adolescence & School Curriculum
" (14). They found that the most common form of bullying was name calling, a tactic accounting for half of the middle school reports of bullying. (1595 6 )

Curriculum for middle school students
" (14). They found that the most common form of bullying was name calling, a tactic accounting for half of the middle school reports of bullying. (1595 6 )