The residents of United States are protected against racism due to the implementation of the Constitution. Today the US is a model of equal human rights in the world, but very few people realise that the Judicial Branch of the US has played a significant role to eliminate discrimination from the roots of the American society. The Case Study in Chapter 5 of
Wasserman's "American Politics" discusses the influence of the Judicial Branch in American
politics. In my paper I will; summarize the basic content of the passage, discuss how the Judicial
Branch can effect national policy, thus effecting the future of the society and reveal why the
Judicial Branch is the most trusted Branch of the government?
Eventhough the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were intended to
thrust equality in the US, they failed to change public attitudes toward discrimination. In the case
of Plessy vs Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court established the "separate but equal" doctrine,
thus legalizing segregation indirectly. The Court claimed that this doctrine is not a violation of
the Constitution as long as equal facilities are provided for both the races. Tragically equality was
not enforced but segregation became a common practice. Then in the late 1930s some important
judicial decisions weakened this doctrine but it was finally reversed in 1954 by the case Brown
vs Board of Education. The court ruled that separate is bound to be unequal, thus slowly
segregation as eliminated in various aspects of the society. Also the other two branches of the
government joined in to remove this evil from the society.
Eventhough the Judicial Branch is called "the least dangerous branch of government" it
has played an important role in influencing national policy. Inspite of all the limits set on the
Judicial Branch, I consider it to be the most powerful Branch of the government. It is correct that
the Supreme Court is passive ...