Novels and plays have many themes and sub - themes that play an important role in keeping the reader interested and entertained as well as creating a base for the plot. Injustice is a common theme or sub theme in literature. Injustice plays an important role in the Novel Hedda Gabler by Henrick Ibsen. In this novel injustice is used as a sub-theme to the major theme which is jealousy and anger with society.
Henrick Ibsen used many symbolisms to show Hedda’s jealousy and anger. Most of these symbolisms were acts of injustice, for example, Hedda loves Mrs. Elvsteds hair, because it is long, and beautiful blonde hair, and throughout the novel, Hedda pulls Mrs. Elvsteds hair. However the pulling of hair goes deeper than being jealous of hair, Hedda envies Mrs. Elvsted because she is the type of person that Hedda is to scared to be. This form of injustice lets us see the kind of person Hedda is, and problems that she inhabits. From this action the reader doesn’t know weather to dislike Hedda for being a jealous person or to feel sorry for her with the understanding of the kind of person she is. The climax of the novel which was the burning of Loveborg’s manuscripts showed us the ultimate injustice that Hedda has committed that symbolizes uncontrollable anger and her inability of controlling her emotions. These actions of injustice that were committed by Hedda were sparked by Heddas injustice towards her self. She could have been true to herself and married Loveborg, the man she truly loved instead she married Tesman who represented stability and who she despised.
In conclusion, acts of injustice allow us to see deeper into the character that has committed them. Injustice is one of the common themes in literature because it can be used to describe many characters and highlight many more.