Juveniles and the Death Penalty

Length: 2 Pages 426 Words

“Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibilty of release shall be imposed for offenses committed by persons below eighteen years of age….” Convention on Rights of a Child (Article 37a) The actual execution of juvenile offenders sentenced to death began in 1642 by Thomas Graunger, in the Plymouth colony of Massachusetts. In over three and one-half centuries since that time, at least 362 juvenile offender executions have been imposed by 38 states and the federal government, and they constitute 1.8% of the total of about 20,000 confirmed American executions since 1608. Eighteen of these 362 exe Continue...


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cutions for juvenile crimes have been carried out during the current era (1973-2001). Another 5 jurisdictions (13) have chosen age 17 as the minimum. It's because of them that the minor is lacking a kind of necessity, and it's because of them the child exploits the way he does. The use of the death penalty for crimes committed under the age of 18 is banned under international human rights standards, yet some countries still permit or practice the execution of juvenile offenders. However, the fact still remains that nearly all states whose laws still provide for the death penalty have endorced international instruments preventing its use against juvenile offenders and confirming the consensus that such use violates the international law. But at the same time, juveniles aren't anything but children. In conclusion, I contemplate that the death penalty for juveniles is convenient but at the same time hampering, and inadequate. Of those 40 death penalty jurisdictions, 17 jurisdictions (42) have expressly chosen age 18 at the time of the crime as the minimum age for eligibility for that ultimate punishment. All but one of these executed juvenile offenders were age 17 at the time of their crimes, with only Sean Sellers (Oklahoma) being age 16. Such executions are few compared to the worldwide total number of executions. Currently, 38 states and the federal government (both civilian and military) have statutes authorizing the death penalty for capital crimes, almost all of which are forms of murder. 4 of the total of 749 executions during this period (as of 12-31-2001), an execution rate somewhat higher than had been experienced prior to 1973. The real people, in this case, who should get punished is the child's parents.

PROFESSIONAL ESSAYS:

Death Penalty for Juveniles
Death Penalty for Juveniles. "The Death Penalty for Juveniles: An Assessment of Public Opinion." Crime and Delinquency 35 Oct. 1989: 546-561. (1527 6 )

DEATH PENALTY FOR JUVENILES
DEATH PENALTY FOR JUVENILES. DEATH PENALTY 403). In the United States the death penalty has been imposed sparingly to juveniles. Since (1589 6 )

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Thus, death penalty statutes generally require that certain aggravating circumstances be found evolved to the point that the execution of juveniles should only (1622 6 )

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various opinion polls and opinions of professional associations, which argued that the public was opposed to the application of the death penalty to juveniles. (3480 14 )

Mental Retardation & the Death Penalty
Mauro, T. (2001). CourtÆs death penalty focus shifts from mentally retarded to juveniles. New Jersey Law Journal, 165(7), 6-8. Ross, MB (1999). (2813 11 )

Fear of Crime
If the citizens of a state desire the death penalty for juveniles found guilty of certain adult crimes, their state legislators should be able to pass such a (2042 8 )