Chemical dependency also known as alcoholism affects ten to twenty million Americans a year will die from their dependency prematurely unless they get help (Cummings). Along with, diabetes, cancer or cardiovascular difficulties, chemical dependency is too a disease with signs, symptoms and treatment. In 1996, the American Medical Association (AMA) declared that alcoholism was a disease, not the result of a person’s low morale. The (AMA) defined alcoholism as “an illness characterized by preoccupation with alcohol and loss of control over its consumption such as to bad usually to intoxication” (Silverstein 20). The National Council on Alcoholism states alcoholism is a “chronic, progressive, and potentially fatal disease marked by repeated drinking that causes trouble in the drinker’s personal, professional, or family life” (Silverstein 20). The craving for alcohol can be as strong as the need for food or water. In 1784, Dr. Benjamin Rush of Philadelphia defined alcoholism as a disease. He concluded that alcohol was an addictive drug and described “habitual drunkenness as involuntary (Silverstein 23). Alcohol contributes to 100,000 deaths annually, making the third leading cause of early death, behind cancer a
Anabuse is not a cure for alcoholism. Alcohol causes the liver tissue to deteriorate or scar stopping the liver from filtering deadly poisons. All types of people can become chemically dependent (Johnson 9). 4 of the population ages twelve and older--received treatment for alcoholism and alcohol-related problems in 1997; treatment peaked among people between the ages twenty-six through thirty-four. Other medications help people remain sober. Less consisted data link alcohol consumption, to cancers of the liver, breast, and colon (Howardson). They can help families understand alcoholism and learn how to support family members in recovery. Even if an alcoholic hasn't been drinking for a long time, he or she can still suffer a relapse. He suggests they eventually even the sight or smell of alcohol would repulse the alcoholic (Silverstein 90). If a person drinks while on this medication, severe side effects occur, such as a skin rash, stomach cramps, vomiting and headaches. Alcohol abuse is a drinking pattern that results in consequences that are significant and recurrent. These medications are not used beyond the first few days, however, because they may be highly addictive. It is a technique developed in the early1960"tms by Vernon Johnson, an Episcopal priest in Minneapolis, Minnesota, to force alcoholics in to seeking treatment before their bodies deteriorate to the fatal stage of the disease.