Motives for Work
In this essay I shall be investigating what motivates people to work. I intend to examine factor of motivation and link them with theories e.g. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. I also shall try to discover how these theories are implemented in the real world.
Before investigating what motivates people to work you have to answer why do people work in the first place? The first answer you will usually get will be ‘money’; it is obvious that in order to live you have to find a job that pays and adequate wage. Often you will ask someone ‘What do you do for a living’. The answer you will get is not just to do with living but as a wider meaning in that people have a wider range of needs.
In order for people to go into work and work at an optimum rate they have to be encouraged or motivated to work. As mentioned above it is more than money that motivated people to work. Motivation is what makes people behave in a particular way. Companies might want an employee to work in a certain way in order to achieve the company’s objective. The most efficient way of doing this is to make sure that the way they want employees to work benefits both the company and the individual worker. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
They have a competence-based approach to enable recruitment. From the examples stated it is noticeable that employers need to think about employees as their key to higher production, which in tern will benefit both sides. Managers were either one of two things:- Theory X- assumed that people are inherently lazy. All they want is securityTo Motivate Manager-Coercion, rewarded, intimidated and punished (stick carrot theory of management)Theory Y- states that people are creative and seek fulfilment. The way people are motivated has a direct link to how much effort and efficiency goes into their job. They include-Recognition-Advancement-Achievement-Work itselfHygiene factors can maintain satisfaction, but they do not motivate. Level5- Self-actualisation needs- the drive towards creative self- fulfilment. These are usually jobs in the service sector. Their staff are offered childcare, fair pay, participative management, a good work place and health care as basic components of their policy. People want to develop their potential. They have delayered some of the management layers to improve accountability and communication with staff. You can see that for every initiative there is a link to a stage of Maslow"tms hierarchy of needs. This involves motivating employees, which emphasises the psychological and social aspects of the working environment. Their theories involve more of a personal approach and psychological aspect. The basic logic underlying this is the careful study into how people react under certain conditions.