The People of Punjab

             There are many definitions of culture that have been written over time. Although the definitions vary, there are some core elements that are visible in these definitions. Culture can be described from Edward Tyler in Norton’s Cultural Geography as “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morale, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by people as a member of society” (Norton 2000, 11, 16-17). Even though this definition was written in 1870, the elements it describes are the roots for many definitions that we perceive to be true. The Punjabi culture will be the focus of this research paper. Elements that will be studied include various artifacts, sociofacts and the Punjabi culture in Canada.
             Punjabi culture originated in the northern state of India known as Punjab, referencing ‘Punj’ meaning five and ‘aab’ meaning water, and was derived for this region because of its five rivers. It’s located in the north-western part of India; and since 1947 Punjab has been split at the India – Pakistan border, making a province of Punjab in Pakistan as well as a state of Punjab in India. The paper will focus on the Indian state of Punjab. Punjab is 50,362 square kilometers. The capitol is Chandigarh. The population for the state as of 1999 was 23.51 million, with 70% living in rural Punjab. The leading occupation of Punjab is farming, with more than 80%. The major crops include wheat, corn, legumes, rice, sugarcane and cotton. Livestock that are raised include buffalo and other cattle, sheep, goats and poultry. Industries include manufacturing of textiles, sewing machines, and processing of sugar and pine oil to name a few. The official language is Punjabi, but many residents can speak Hindi and Urdu, as there are similarities between words and language structure. (
             Farming is a root in many elements of the culture. Festivities are held at the time when crops are har...

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The People of Punjab. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 05:49, January 21, 2017, from