Religion played a very important role in Victorian England. Through the writings of period authors, which describe religious influences and impacts on different social classes, one may understand the complexities religion was facing during the Victorian era. The Religious Census of 1851, Darwin’s Faults (1860), and The Religion of the Costermongers (1851) are some of the important period writings with describe the underlying complexities between classes and scientific discoveries.
The Religious Census of 1851 was a census published on the Parliamentary Papers by census commissioners when an attempt was made to count all of the religious worshipers in England. According to the extremely analytical survey, England had at the time 17,927,609 inhabitants of which many individuals lacke
The census allowed for infants and young children, sickness, and employment to be left out of their figures. Religion was an important part of everyday Victorian life. "The costers have no religion at all, and very little notion, or none at all, of what religion or a future state is. The figure they arrived at was 5,288 persons should be able to attend religious worship. They hate them because the people leaving them, never give them anything and as they can"tmt read the tract - not one in forty- they"tmre vexed to be bothered with it" (Mayhew, 205). Victorian time was a hectic times its followers. It also led some to be incredibly defensive of all new scientific studies which denounced the religious beliefs. Religion had also been effected by the writings of Mr. "Costers reckon that religion"tms the best that gives the most in charity, and they think the Catholics do this" (Mayhew, 205). Also the class separation enabled many of the laboring individuals from going to church due to their dislike of the class separation. Henry Mayhew"tms The Religion of the Costermonger (1851) investigated the religiousness of Costermongers (street sellers of fruit and vegetables). The reasons given by the myriads was the "separation of class, insufficient sympathy exhibited by professed Christians for the alleviation of their social burdens, misconception on their part of the motives by which Christian minister are actuated in their efforts to extend the influence of the gospel" (The Past Speaks, 203).