Thesis: In retrospect, the American Revolution was as important to Canada as it was to the United States, as it divided the continent in two, which created one country and paved the way for the evolution of another.
From the first time that the Rebel Patriots in the thirteen colonies caused unrest in the British Empire to the creation of the United States of America, the nation that was to be Canada was affected, shaped, tested and changed forever by the events of the American Revolution. The War of Independence might have resulted in sovereignty for only the United States, but the remaining British North America would never be the same.
In the early 1770s, the Rebels in the colonies were protesting taxes and causing riots and political unrest in what would soon be the United States. These events and feelings worried the British, who tried to make strategic military and political decisions to avoid conflict and to keep their Empire intact. As the decade progressed, the British realized that little could be done to diminish the animosity felt towards the throne in the Thirteen Colonies. Therefore, they decided to try to build up loyalty in Quebec, which was still predominantly French, despite being under British rule for tw
The Act provided more land for the Loyalists to settle and cultivate. The government in England passed the Quebec Act in 1774 to win support from their French-Canadian subjects. The Loyalist colonies were peaceful, despite the fact that all Loyalists were definitely not the same:As a group, the Loyalists shared little but the experience of relocation. The Treaty also gave American fisherman the rights to fish on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland and as well off the coast of Nova Scotia. The two most important things that the Canada Act accomplished, however, were to redefine Canada"tms borders, as well as to divide the country into two provinces, Upper Canada and Lower Canada, which were present day Ontario and Quebec. The existing French property laws were replaced by a more efficient freehold land tenure system. Laws were passed in the new nation stating that to obtain papers that allowed someone to travel within their state, they must swear an oath against the King of England and pledge allegiance to the United States. It said, however, that the ships could not land in any coves or harbors to dry or cure their catches unless they were unsettled, and upon the time they became settled, they could not use them anymore. Throughout the war Quebec and Nova Scotia remained neutral to preserve trading, military, political and economic alliances with both countries. It established the borders and boundaries of the new country, which consequently outlined the boundaries of Canada. The Loyalists were persecuted to the point where as many as 75000 were forced to flee, resulting in a mass immigration of 50000 loyalists to Canada. Nova Scotia alone had its"tm population more than doubled between 1783 - 1784 by the 35000 United Empire Loyalists who settled in the small province. In conclusion, each of the many steps that America took in becoming a sovereign nation affected Canada, from the uprisings, to the war, to the Treaty of Paris, to their actions following their victory.