The World’s Water Shortage
Water shortage and degradation is a growing concern for many countries including the United States. Drinking water protection is a big responsibility that involves government, business and individuals. Everyone has an important role in trying to protect the supply of water. Water is a vital necessity that all people need in order to survive. Without water, people could only go a few days to a few months before having serious health problems or even death. One of the major concerns regarding water is if there will be enough water for the demand within the next 25 to 50 years. With the help of agencies, scientists and experts, we as people may see that there will be a shortage of water in the years to come.
Today in the world the leading cause of the water shortage is the rising demand for water for the industries and agriculture (George, 1). On the earth today there is no more freshwater than there was 2,000 years ago. Then the population was 3% of what it is today (Knight, 1). In 31 countries around the world that contains near a half a billion people face water shortage with the most severe being in the Middle East and Africa. By the year 2025 it is estimated that another 17 countries
This project will help to ensure the supply to the farming and industries there. In some countries 90 to 95 of all domestic and 15 of all industrial waste goes into the water without any treatment (Knight, 1)Water shortage is also caused by the large amounts of water that is used in homes across the world. The EPA, however, is pushing for state and local governments to take on the program of source water protection. Source water is a combination of the principles from the wellhead and sole source aquifer. There are different reasons and causes of what continues to cause a shortage of water. Next is the source water protection are management. This is where plans are made in case there is an event that will threaten the supply of drinking water such as a flood or spill. Source water contains several components in this program. These programs deal with the community"tms water supply well. Many homes use water for other purposes such as bathing, cooking, cleaning when only a very small amount is actually used for drinking (EPA, 1)Many are looking for treatment or help. The EPA has used water utilities to forecast the world population with the water availability to ensure there will be adequate amounts of water for the demand. Some researchers believe that also be the year 2025, 35 or 2. Agriculture is the biggest polluter in which the pollutants come from the fertilizers and pesticides used on the crops. The second state is the contaminant source inventory where locations are mapped for potential sources of drinking water contamination.