“THE TABLES TURNED” BY WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
The intention of this poem is to convince the reader of the wisdom that Nature has. This is just a mere theory of the speaker presented in the text through the opposing point of view of the poetic voice and his friend who thinks that books are the source of wisdom, but the poetic I argues, "Let Nature be your Teacher" (line 16). The intellectual pursuit of knowledge, he argues, distorts "the forms of things," (line 17) but Nature is sweet.
There is a relation of friendship between the poetic I and the addressee, in which there is a close supposedly affection, which we assume from the use of the appellative “friend” (line 1 and 3). However with regards to authority it seems that the speaker is placed in a little inferior position, since he tries to convince his friend.
The speaker’s presence is very obvious, in the fact that he refers to himself using the possessive pronoun “my” (lines 1, 3 and 11).
So we have a case of a double situational context, as the speaker is on the one hand addressing to his friend and on the other to us, the implied reader. In fact, it seems tha
There is an attempt to convince the reader of the truth of an assertion that is hard to accept because it opposes to what has conventionally been said. So, the speaker"s goal is to convince his friend, and also to us who are supposed to share the friend"tms opinion. In the sixth stanza, there is another comparison between the "vernal wood" (line 21) and "sages" (line 24). In this case, the speaker attributes the bird a human characteristic since he thinks the throstle "is no mean preacher"(line 14). The poetic I seems to force us to see what the world really is, in spite of the appearances that distort our perception of the truth; since in the next stanza he does practically the same, he starts by addressing his friend: "hark!" (line13) an then he praises some natural element, this time another different type of bird, the throstle. Life is more important than reason, science and art. t the author has used his friend as a pretext for addressing us. The poetic I is requesting his friend to quit his books and also to clear his looks, through the use of imperatives and ends with a question which provides negative connotations to books, since he describes them as "toil and trouble" (line4). He has not met his goal; he but he had not enough persuasive arguments to convince us about his innovative and original theory. The use of statements here confers the affirmation a higher degree of objectivity and credibility. In conclusion I think that the poetic voice has not change our perception of reality, that is, he did not re-defined that reality as he transmitted it to us. In the next stanza it is introduced the idea in which the wisdom obtained by watching sweet Nature is more superior that the one obtained through the books or taught by men. The speaker provides superiority to the vernal wood which can "teach you more of man, of moral evil and of good" (line 22, 23). In the third stanza, the poetic voice uses a statement in which his exposes for the first time, his negative opinion about books: "a dull and endless strife" (line 9).