Lord of the Flies: id, ego and superego

Length: 4 Pages 956 Words

Conflict of the Mind The Id, Ego, and Superego in Lord of the Flies Beneath the calm exterior of every person lies a constant raging battle that has the ability to consume a person. This battle is one of the mind, which is in constant conflict of itself. The three divisions of the mind, id; ego; and superego, is the reason behind the conflict. These divisions however are not structural parts of the brain but aspects of the way our mind thinks. Discovered by Sigmund Freud in the early 20th century, it is believed that three divisions are constantly battling for control of the mind, this is known as the dynamic model. Sigmund Freud's revolutionary ideas have set the standard for modern psychoanalysis that students of psychology can learn from, and his ideas spread from the field of medicine to daily living. Freud’s theories are clearly illustrated William Goldings’s novel Lord of the Flies, where control of a deserted island is fought over by three young boys, each representing a division of the mind. In Lord of the Flies by William Golding, Sigmund Freud’s theory of the personality, the id, ego and superego, are illustrated through the personalities of the characters in the story. Hundreds of thousands of years Continue...


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This need to satisfy itself by whatever means is what makes the Id unfit for society. However, the ego is considered weak because it is developed over time, not natural like the id, but its logic and organization allow it to conform to society giving it control over the primal id (Berry p. The id has no concept of the world around it, it has no awareness of a conscience, no regard for rules and does not know right from wrong (Berry p. They did this because they did not possess enough intelligence to do much of anything else. The ego could be referred to as the executive branch executive branch of the personality as it makes decisions based upon what the id wants and what the realities of life dictate that the ego can do to fulfill them. If the id were to control the mind the world would be full of chaos and without civilization. This type of morality is in a sense the complete opposite of the id. This is why one would have trouble deciding what one wants to do or what is right. Because of this the superego and id are in constant conflict of each other, both trying to attract the attention of the ego. From the id we get the pleasure principle, the force that makes us want things that feel good. It will urge us to satisfy ourselves by whatever means necessary (Henningfeld p. The id is our most primitive form of the brain working for its own pleasure, it is suppressed only by our ego. The parents will teach their child what is right and wrong and punish or reward them accordingly.