Every society is based upon some sort of organized structure, which can be governed through a democratic government, or even a totalitarian society. Each type of society is equipped with an idealistic approach. Plato argued that an aristocratic government would be an efficient approach primarily because it is efficient, most just, and it keeps its citizens happy. This aristocratic government sets the stage for a strategic knowledge to create happy lifestyles for its citizens. Within the Republic, the citizens will be able to reach a level of wisdom and utopic idealism.
An ideal lifestyle, which can also be defined as a utopia, often involves a perfect family, a perfect job, and a perfect knowledge of oneself. It is not easy to create this utopic dream in a democratic or a totalitarian society. However, in Plato’s Republic, each citizen can to attain the goal of an ideal lifestyle through an organized means. Given that each distinct individual is what makes a society, Plato creates his perfect aristocratic society so that there are three categories of lifestyles. These categories are as follows: the leaders, the bringers of justice, and the laborers.
Plato characterizes the leaders as the Philosopher kings, or better defined as the people who carry forth the wisdom and decisions to resolve disagreements and make the public policy. Next, Plato identifies the people of justice as the police or army. The police act to defend the state against external enemies and to enforce its laws through courage and honor. Plato then defines the people who only have interest in personal interests and material goodness as the laborers. This category has an ongoing appetite for the need of personal desires for a higher purpose.
However, since there are distinct unique differences between each of the citizens, a problem is introduced. Each person needs a specific education in order to maintain and achieve his or her highest pot...