Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. were civil right activists who took a form of action to obtain equal rights amongst their society. Gandhi moved to South Africa in 1893 to serve the Indian population after failing to establish a legal practice in Bombay. Subsequent to moving to South Africa, he recognized many laws that discriminated against Indians and initiated a change by taking action. Gandhi developed his theory of satyagraba (“soul force”), which implicates social justice through love as well as suffering the consequences. After meeting with a group of Indian nationalists he wrote down his theories in a pamphlet called “Hind Swarf” or “Indian Home Rule”.
Martin Luther King Jr. did a non-violent campaign in Birmingham Alabama. Birmingham was one of the few cities where the fourth step in King’s non-violent campaign theory called “direct action” was necessary. Unfortunately, King was jailed on April 12-20, 1963 for violating a court injunction by leading a protest march in Birmingham. While King was in jail, eight Alabama clergymen published a statement criticizing the use of “direct action” and referred to this approach as “unwise and untimely”. While incarcerated, King politely resp
Mohandas Gandhi claims that if soul force was not in existence the world will not be going around today. He feels that India is one of the few parts of the world where civilization occurs. Although many Americans are not Christians, if the government stresses living and keeping a traditional American culture, why not live the way the founders of this country intended Americans to live. In the time period of segregation, white people would find any and every excuse to through a black person in prison, or have them suffer any other repercussions. Not only with racial or culture issues, but sexuality, and economical class as well. According to Gandhi, the British progressed their civilization by the advancement of technology. King describes two types of laws, just and unjust. "A just law is a man-made code that squares with the moral law or law of God"An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law (King 481). claims that African Americans have heard the word "wait " too many times where it has almost meant never. "Its true test lies in the fact that people living in it make bodily welfare the object of life (Gandhi, 434). and Mohandas Gandhi developed theories that linked to a system that surpassed governmental laws. According to Gandhi, the India"tms definition of the term "civilization" is "the mode of conduct which points out to man the path of duty (Gandhi 434)", meaning civilization is not the dependence on no one else"tms knowledge but your own. Although some of Gandhi"tms statements were disagreeable, he still managed to successfully get his point across to many individuals. Comparison to Gandhi"tms theory, Martin Luther King Jr.