There is a developing crisis in the world today and it has already plagued over half the world. This problem is overpopulation, a problem that is not just increasing steadily, but exponentially. A misconception about overpopulation is that it is just too many people in a given area, too high a population density. An area is actually overpopulated when “its population can't be maintained without rapidly depleting nonrenewable resources and without destroying the environment which supports the population.”(Brown,Gardner,Halweil, Beyond Malthus,19) Unlike most of the developed world, where the population is either stabilized or even declining in some cases, most of the population increases have taken place in third world countries and will mostly continue to occur in these countries in the long term. These are the countries where the worst problems and living conditions are being realized.
The most fundamental issue that currently troubles overpopulated countries and will only worsen is the issue of housing. A United Nations organization Habitat reports at least 600 million urban dwellers and more than 1 billion rural dwellers in Africa, Asia, and Latin America “live in housing so overcrowded and of such poor quality with
Although education is actually not as big a concern as others like food and disease because most countries other than those of Africa will actually see the number of children decrease requiring less need for more teachers and classrooms. In countries like Niger, Oman, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the population of children will increase by a half. Unfortunately because special measures to improve conditions have not been taken by many of the aforementioned third world countries, many of them are already experiencing "demographic fatigue". With the failure of housing to keep up with the rapid population growth, there are over 100 million homeless and over a billion squatters (those with temporary homes or shelters) ; in some developing countries squatters account for 30-60 of the population. "Pathogens can more readily establish in large populations, since all infectious diseases require a critical number of vulnerable individuals in order to take root and spread. " (Brown,Gardner,Halweil, Beyond Malthus,58-59) Waterborne infections account for 90 of all infections in developing countries and 40 of the deaths. San Salvador, the capital city, has more than 11, 000 children deaths every year due to lung and respiratory problems as a result of air pollution, unsanitary living conditions, and neglect of health care. Due to the destruction of the countryside, thousands of people have fled to the cities to escape. As a result, since grain and vegetation yields were cut significantly the problem of malnutrition formed ; there simply isn"tmt enough for the people in these developing third world countries. This is especially prevalent in Africa and the middle east, where the largest percentage of growth will occur. For example grain production, considered to be the most important yield, in China and India are about 360 per capita in kilograms and 223 per capita in kilograms respectively, a huge contrast to the U. It is very apparent that all nations, both those already plagued by severe population problems, and those that have not faced extreme overpopulation yet, have to work with each other in order to prevent social breakdown on a national and a global scale. As the land became more divided and drained of resources the farmer and his family have to move to the city just to survive, however, this creates a whole new set of problems.