Description of Discipline:
Psychology evolved from the more established fields of biology and philosophy. Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes. Psychology has many activities ranging from recording nerve-cell activity to psychotherapy. Psychology began as the science of mental life. This was only until 1920. Then a man by the name of John Watson redefined psychology as the science of observable behavior. Psychology then changed again in 1960. Bringing back the initial interest of mental processes through studies of how our minds process and retain information, or how we perceive, think and remember. To be able to include both the observable behavior as well as the inner thoughts and feelings psychology became the science of behavior and mental processes. This is what psychology is today.
Statement of Research Topic and Question:
Prison inmates are some of the most poorly adjusted people in society. Most inmates have had too little discipline or too much. Many are from broken homes, they have no self-esteem and many were labeled as deviants in early adolescence. Most inmates are very insecure and are at war with themselves as well as society.
When individuals are labeled as criminals, many begin to strive to be that label. So they will strive to be criminals. Many people believe that if we want to rehabilitate criminals we must do more than just send them to prison. For instance, we could give them a chance to acquire job skills; which in turn will improve the chances that inmates will become productive citizens upon release. The programs must aim to change those who want to change. Those who are taught to produce useful goods and to be productive are likely to develop the self-esteem essential to a normal, integrated personality.
This kind of program would provide skills and habits that can replace the sense of hopelessness that many inmates feel. To help rehabilitate criminals would pu...