In this research paper we will be talking about the skin. It will cover the skin’s structure, various disorders and ailments of the skin and some of the problems people have with their skin.
The skin has three layers. They are called the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis is the first layer of skin and is approximately as thick as a piece of paper; it also covers most of the body. The dermis is the second layer of skin and is approximately 15-45 times as thick as the epidermis, depending on the individual. The subcutaneous tissue is the third layers and varies in thickness, also depending on the individual.
The skin’s color depends on the amount of brown pigment melanin that is made in your skin. Melanin is formed by the melanocytes in the epidermis. Most people have about the same amount of malnocytes but the amount of melanin formed depends on the person’s heredity.
Some disorders of the skin are called inflammation, bacteria, fungi, viruses and infections. Inflammation is a type of skin disorder where the skin itches and becomes red. Eczema is a skin disorder where the skin may get crusty and ooze fluid. Atrophic Eczema is a skin disorder where that mostly children get. This disease appears mostly on the face, back of the neck, knees and inner arm. Bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses cause infections. Bacteria cause infections such as boils and impetigo. Fungi cause infections such as ringworm and athlete’s foot. Parasites are organisms that infect the skin like lice, scabies and mites. Viruses cause skin disorders such as cold sores and shingles.
Another problem with the skin is burning. Fire, chemicals, electric shock and overexposure to the sun are common causes of burns. When you are burned it is sorted into three different degrees of damage. First-degree burns burn only the epidermis and cause the skin to blister and heal without leaving a scar. Second-degree burns burn only parts of th...