Old Testament

             There are four main sections of the Old Testament. They are the Pentateuch, the historical books, poetical books and the prophets. The Pentateuch or "Torah" (meaning The Law) consists of the first five books of the bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy). Moses, the hero of the Pentateuch, was traditionally assumed to be the work's author because he received the Ten Commandments and the laws from God. However, modern scholars describe the Pentateuch as the time-worn product of four ancient writers and editors, who each revised and expanded existing work. Scholars label the unknown contributors "J," "E," "P," and "D," and identify "J" as the oldest writer and as a scribe in King David's court. Different parts of the narrative and laws in the Pentateuch are ascribed to each contributor based on differences in the style and theology of the text. The Pentateuch covers the history from the beginning of time and includes Israel's conquest of the promise land. Genesis covers Pre-History and the Patriarchs. Genesis comes from a Greek word meaning origins. The first eleven chapters of Genesis describe the beginning of the universe, humanity, sin, and punishment. Genesis contains the story of Adam and Eve and how sin was brought into the world. Genesis 12-50 tells the story of Abraham and his families journey of faith. Exodus is about the deliverance of the Israelites. Exodus means departure. It tells the story of Moses leading the Israelites out of Egypt and to the promise land. The story of Exodus in the Old Testament is equivalent to the cross in the New Testament. The book also deals with Gods covenant with his people. The third book of the Pentateuch is Leviticus. It contains may of the Laws. Leviticus is named after the sons of Levi and is devoted to preserving Israel's holy moral character as an aid to worship and enjoyment of the Lor...

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Old Testament. (1969, December 31). In MegaEssays.com. Retrieved 00:33, November 28, 2022, from https://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/27923.html