Realism and naturalism are two closely related, but still very different styles of writing.. The Realism movement began in the 1800's, and it tried to portray the world as it really was. As Ambrose Bierce Once said, "Realism is the art of depicting nature as it is seen by toads. The charm suffusing a landscape painted by a mole, or a story written by a measuring-worm." Realists focused on the present moment, on the here and now. Naturalism is in fact a type, or branch of realism. In naturalism, scientific reasoning is applied to the real world. Humans become, and react like animals.
Naturalism and Realism are actually very closely related. In fact in some cases the words can be used interchangeably. Both naturalism and Realism were introduced around the same time period. Both elements of literature show the harsh realities of life, and try and depict the situation as it really is. In naturalism and realism the subjects were middle class citizens, that we could relate to.
Although both of the elements were closely related, there were also some key differences. There are three main ideas to naturalism that we do not see in Realism. The first is that the author is Amoral. By being amoral, the characters do not know if they are doing something moral or not, they just know that they are doing it. The second idea is that the characters do not question what they are doing. And the third and final element is objectivity. In objectivity, no judgments are made by the author, but rather he leaves it up to us to decide about the characters.
In the stories that we have read, we can see examples of these elements. "The Open Boat" is a prime example of naturalism. In "The Open Boat" the story does not start out with a opening story to get you to learn about the characters, but rather we are launched right into the the situation with the opening line, "None of them knew the color of the sky."(176) The...