The problem with prostate cancer is the lack of knowledge men have about the disease. The purpose of this paper is to educate men about prostate cancer, the awareness, as well as how it is diagnosed and treated. The is paper will discuss the awareness, diagnosis , and treatment of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is an androgen dependant adenocarcinoma. The tumor is slow growing and often begins in the posterior side of the prostate. It spreads by direct extension by the lymph nodes, seminal vesicles, urethral mucosa, and bladder wall. It all spreads via the veins from the prostate wich effect the pelvic bones, head of the femur, lower lumbar spine, liver, and lungs. Therefore, it is important for men to know signs and symptoms and screening measures to detect the disease.
Cancer of the prostate is diagnosed in more than 165,000 Americans annually, and it is the second most common cancer in males over the age of 65. Unfortunately there are no signs and symptoms of this disease unless it moves into the surrounding area. If this was to happen patients signs and symptoms would include urinary frequency, dysuria , slow urinary stream, and urgency. Signs that would show up later would be hematuria and urinary retention. If a patient has advanced prostate cancer bone pain, anemia, weight loss, and lethargia may be present. This is why the American Urological Association (AUA) recommends an annual screening for men 50 years and older. High risks individuals, including African-American men and men who have a family history of prostate cancer begin at age 45. Other individuals who are at a higher risks are individuals who consume a lot of animal fat, especially red meat. Because of the increasing number of cases of prostate cancer there are a number of screening tools to diagnose prostate cancer.
Detecting prostate cancer can be accomplished by using one or more of three tests: Digital Rectal Exam (DRE), Pros